Health care utilization in primary and specialist care among people with intellectual disability
A longitudinal register study (IDcare)
According to Swedish law, one of the health care aims is equal treatment for the entire population. People with intellectual disability (ID) constitute a vulnerable group as they are at high risk for a number of health problems while at the same time they may have difficulties communicating their needs to health care professionals. It is therefore of importance to ensure that health care is adapted to their specific needs in order to achieve the aim of health care on equal terms.
In previous studies based on Swedish register data, we found that middle-aged and elderly people with ID had less health care utilization than their age peers in the general population. In these studies, however, we only investigated inpatient and outpatient specialist care. Therefore, it cannot be ruled out that a possible explanation for the discrepancy could be that people with ID had higher use of primary care.
In Sweden, there is no national register containing information on primary care visits. However, Region Skåne maintains a regional database (Skåne Health Care Register) containing information about primary care as well as specialist and hospital care. Unlike the National Patient Register, this regional database also contains information regarding visits to private health care providers.
We will use data from the Skåne Health Care Register, together with data from the LSS register, the register containing information about people receiving support under the LSS Act, to identify people with ID in Skåne. The remaining part of Skåne's population will be used as a reference group. For both groups, we will collect data on health care utilization from the Region Skåne database. Based on these data, we will be able to study whether people with ID receive as much and the same type of health care as the general population provided that they have the same diagnosis.
This project is funded by FORTE (2019-00105).
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