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A novel method to assess data quality in large medical registries and databases

The Swiss ICU-Registry from all 77 certified adult Swiss ICUs (2014 and 2015) was subjected to quality assessment (completeness/accuracy). For the analysis of accuracy, a list of logical rules and cross-checks was developed. Type and number of errors (true coding errors or implausible data) were calculated for each ICU, along with noticeable error rates (>mean + 3 SD in the variable’s summary measure, or >99.8% CI in the respective funnel-plot).